[dpdk-dev] [PATCH v8 0/5] mempool: add external mempool manager

David Hunt david.hunt at intel.com
Fri Jun 3 16:58:23 CEST 2016

Here's the latest version of the External Mempool Manager patchset.
It's re-based on top of the latest head as of 19/5/2016, including
Olivier's 35-part patch series on mempool re-org [1]

[1] http://dpdk.org/ml/archives/dev/2016-May/039229.html

v8 changes:

 * merged first three patches in the series into one.
 * changed parameters to ops callback to all be rte_mempool pointer
   rather than than pointer to opaque data or uint64.
 * comment fixes.
 * fixed parameter to _free function (was inconsistent).

v7 changes:

 * Changed rte_mempool_handler_table to rte_mempool_ops_table
 * Changed hander_idx to ops_index in rte_mempool struct
 * Reworked comments in rte_mempool.h around ops functions
 * Changed rte_mempool_hander.c to rte_mempool_ops.c
 * Changed all functions containing _handler_ to _ops_
 * Now there is no mention of 'handler' left
 * Other small changes out of review of mailing list

v6 changes:

 * Moved the flags handling from rte_mempool_create_empty to
   rte_mempool_create, as it's only there for backward compatibility
 * Various comment additions and cleanup
 * Renamed rte_mempool_handler to rte_mempool_ops
 * Added a union for *pool and u64 pool_id in struct rte_mempool
 * split the original patch into a few parts for easier review.
 * rename functions with _ext_ to _ops_.
 * addressed review comments
 * renamed put and get functions to enqueue and dequeue
 * changed occurences of rte_mempool_ops to const, as they
   contain function pointers (security)
 * split out the default external mempool handler into a separate
   patch for easier review

v5 changes:
 * rebasing, as it is dependent on another patch series [1]

v4 changes (Olivier Matz):
 * remove the rte_mempool_create_ext() function. To change the handler, the
   user has to do the following:
   - mp = rte_mempool_create_empty()
   - rte_mempool_set_handler(mp, "my_handler")
   - rte_mempool_populate_default(mp)
   This avoids to add another function with more than 10 arguments, duplicating
   the doxygen comments
 * change the api of rte_mempool_alloc_t: only the mempool pointer is required
   as all information is available in it
 * change the api of rte_mempool_free_t: remove return value
 * move inline wrapper functions from the .c to the .h (else they won't be
   inlined). This implies to have one header file (rte_mempool.h), or it
   would have generate cross dependencies issues.
 * remove now unused MEMPOOL_F_INT_HANDLER (note: it was misused anyway due
   to the use of && instead of &)
 * fix build in debug mode (__MEMPOOL_STAT_ADD(mp, put_pool, n) remaining)
 * fix build with shared libraries (global handler has to be declared in
   the .map file)
 * rationalize #include order
 * remove unused function rte_mempool_get_handler_name()
 * rename some structures, fields, functions
 * remove the static in front of rte_tailq_elem rte_mempool_tailq (comment
   from Yuanhan)
 * test the ext mempool handler in the same file than standard mempool tests,
   avoiding to duplicate the code
 * rework the custom handler in mempool_test
 * rework a bit the patch selecting default mbuf pool handler
 * fix some doxygen comments

v3 changes:
 * simplified the file layout, renamed to rte_mempool_handler.[hc]
 * moved the default handlers into rte_mempool_default.c
 * moved the example handler out into app/test/test_ext_mempool.c
 * removed is_mc/is_mp change, slight perf degredation on sp cached operation
 * removed stack hanler, may re-introduce at a later date
 * Changes out of code reviews

v2 changes:
 * There was a lot of duplicate code between rte_mempool_xmem_create and
   rte_mempool_create_ext. This has now been refactored and is now
   hopefully cleaner.
 * The RTE_NEXT_ABI define is now used to allow building of the library
   in a format that is compatible with binaries built against previous
   versions of DPDK.
 * Changes out of code reviews. Hopefully I've got most of them included.

The External Mempool Manager is an extension to the mempool API that allows
users to add and use an external mempool manager, which allows external memory
subsystems such as external hardware memory management systems and software
based memory allocators to be used with DPDK.

The existing API to the internal DPDK mempool manager will remain unchanged
and will be backward compatible. However, there will be an ABI breakage, as
the mempool struct is changing. These changes are all contained withing
RTE_NEXT_ABI defs, and the current or next code can be changed with
the CONFIG_RTE_NEXT_ABI config setting

There are two aspects to external mempool manager.
  1. Adding the code for your new mempool operations (ops). This is
     achieved by adding a new mempool ops source file into the
     librte_mempool library, and using the REGISTER_MEMPOOL_HANDLER macro.
  2. Using the new API to call rte_mempool_create_empty and
     rte_mempool_set_ops to create a new mempool
     using the name parameter to identify which ops to use.

New API calls added
 1. A new rte_mempool_create_empty() function
 2. rte_mempool_set_ops_byname() which sets the mempool's ops (functions)
 3. An rte_mempool_populate_default() and rte_mempool_populate_anon() functions
    which populates the mempool using the relevant ops

Several external mempool managers may be used in the same application. A new
mempool can then be created by using the new 'create' function, providing the
mempool ops struct name to point the mempool to the relevant mempool manager
callback structure.

The old 'create' function can still be called by legacy programs, and will
internally work out the mempool handle based on the flags provided (single
producer, single consumer, etc). By default handles are created internally to
implement the built-in DPDK mempool manager and mempool types.

The external mempool manager needs to provide the following functions.
 1. alloc     - allocates the mempool memory, and adds each object onto a ring
 2. put       - puts an object back into the mempool once an application has
                finished with it
 3. get       - gets an object from the mempool for use by the application
 4. get_count - gets the number of available objects in the mempool
 5. free      - frees the mempool memory

Every time a get/put/get_count is called from the application/PMD, the
callback for that mempool is called. These functions are in the fastpath,
and any unoptimised ops may limit performance.

The new APIs are as follows:

1. rte_mempool_create_empty

struct rte_mempool *
rte_mempool_create_empty(const char *name, unsigned n, unsigned elt_size,
    unsigned cache_size, unsigned private_data_size,
    int socket_id, unsigned flags);

2. rte_mempool_set_ops_byname()

rte_mempool_set_ops_byname(struct rte_mempool *mp, const char *name);

3. rte_mempool_populate_default()

int rte_mempool_populate_default(struct rte_mempool *mp);

4. rte_mempool_populate_anon()

int rte_mempool_populate_anon(struct rte_mempool *mp);

Please see rte_mempool.h for further information on the parameters.

The important thing to note is that the mempool ops struct is passed by name
to rte_mempool_set_ops_byname, which looks through the ops struct array to
get the ops_index, which is then stored in the rte_memool structure. This
allow multiple processes to use the same mempool, as the function pointers
are accessed via ops index.

The mempool ops structure contains callbacks to the implementation of
the ops function, and is set up for registration as follows:

static const struct rte_mempool_ops ops_sp_mc = {
    .name = "ring_sp_mc",
    .alloc = rte_mempool_common_ring_alloc,
    .put = common_ring_sp_put,
    .get = common_ring_mc_get,
    .get_count = common_ring_get_count,
    .free = common_ring_free,

And then the following macro will register the ops in the array of ops


For an example of API usage, please see app/test/test_mempool.c, which
implements a rudimentary "custom_handler" mempool manager using simple mallocs
for each mempool object. This file also contains the callbacks and self
registration for the new handler.

David Hunt (2):
  mempool: support external mempool operations
  mbuf: make default mempool ops configurable at build

Olivier Matz (1):
  app/test: test external mempool manager

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