[dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 0/3] ethdev: add generic L2/L3 tunnel encapsulation actions

Ori Kam orika at mellanox.com
Wed Oct 10 11:00:52 CEST 2018

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Andrew Rybchenko <arybchenko at solarflare.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, October 10, 2018 9:45 AM
> To: Ferruh Yigit <ferruh.yigit at intel.com>; Ori Kam <orika at mellanox.com>;
> stephen at networkplumber.org; Adrien Mazarguil
> <adrien.mazarguil at 6wind.com>; Declan Doherty <declan.doherty at intel.com>
> Cc: dev at dpdk.org; Dekel Peled <dekelp at mellanox.com>; Thomas Monjalon
> <thomas at monjalon.net>; Nélio Laranjeiro <nelio.laranjeiro at 6wind.com>;
> Yongseok Koh <yskoh at mellanox.com>; Shahaf Shuler
> <shahafs at mellanox.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] ethdev: add generic L2/L3 tunnel encapsulation
> actions
> On 10/9/18 7:48 PM, Ferruh Yigit wrote:
> On 10/7/2018 1:57 PM, Ori Kam wrote:
> This series implement the generic L2/L3 tunnel encapsulation actions
> and is based on rfc [1] "add generic L2/L3 tunnel encapsulation actions"
> Currenlty the encap/decap actions only support encapsulation
> of VXLAN and NVGRE L2 packets (L2 encapsulation is where
> the inner packet has a valid Ethernet header, while L3 encapsulation
> is where the inner packet doesn't have the Ethernet header).
> In addtion the parameter to to the encap action is a list of rte items,
> this results in 2 extra translation, between the application to the action
> and from the action to the NIC. This results in negetive impact on the
> insertion performance.
> Looking forward there are going to be a need to support many more tunnel
> encapsulations. For example MPLSoGRE, MPLSoUDP.
> Adding the new encapsulation will result in duplication of code.
> For example the code for handling NVGRE and VXLAN are exactly the same,
> and each new tunnel will have the same exact structure.
> This series introduce a generic encapsulation for L2 tunnel types, and
> generic encapsulation for L3 tunnel types. In addtion the new
> encapsulations commands are using raw buffer inorder to save the
> converstion time, both for the application and the PMD.
> [1]https://emea01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fmail
> s.dpdk.org%2Farchives%2Fdev%2F2018-
> August%2F109944.html&data=02%7C01%7Corika%40mellanox.com%7C468bfe
> a033d642c3af5a08d62e7c0bd2%7Ca652971c7d2e4d9ba6a4d149256f461b%7C0
> %7C0%7C636747507642154668&sdata=cAMr3ThkyhjFrGv6K%2FvIDKHAskzMZI
> E8cpRTWiBl1eA%3D&reserved=0
> v3:
>  * rebase on tip.
> v2:
>  * add missing decap_l3 structure.
>  * fix typo.
> Ori Kam (3):
>   ethdev: add generic L2/L3 tunnel encapsulation actions
>   app/testpmd: convert testpmd encap commands to new API
>   ethdev: remove vxlan and nvgre encapsulation commands
> Reminder of this patchset, any reviews welcome.
> I've added the author of previous actions in recipients.
> I like the idea to generalize encap/decap actions. It makes a bit harder
> for reader to find which encap/decap actions are supported in fact,
> but it changes nothing for automated usage in the code - just try it
> (as a generic way used in rte_flow).

Even now the user doesn't know which encapsulation is supported since
it is PMD and sometime kernel related. On the other end it simplify adding
encapsulation to specific costumers with some time just FW update.

> Arguments about a way of encap/decap headers specification (flow items
> vs raw) sound sensible, but I'm not sure about it.
> It would be simpler if the tunnel header is added appended or removed
> as is, but as I understand it is not true. For example, IPv4 ID will be
> different in incoming packets to be decapsulated and different values
> should be used on encapsulation. Checksums will be different (but
> offloaded in any case).

I'm not sure I understand your comment. 
Decapsulation is independent of encapsulation, for example if we decap 
L2 tunnel type then there is no parameter at all the NIC just removes 
the outer layers.

> Current way allows to specify which fields do not matter and which one
> must match. It allows to say that, for example, VNI match is sufficient
> to decapsulate.

The encapsulation according to definition, is a list of headers that should 
encapsulate the packet. So I don't understand your comment about matching
fields. The matching is based on the flow and the encapsulation is just data
that should be added on top of the packet.

> Also arguments assume that action input is accepted as is by the HW.
> It could be true, but could be obviously false and HW interface may
> require parsed input (i.e. driver must parse the input buffer and extract
> required fields of packet headers).

You are correct there some PMD even Mellanox (for the E-Switch) require to parsed input
There is no driver that knows rte_flow structure so in any case there should be 
Some translation between the encapsulation data and the NIC data.
I agree that writing the code for translation can be harder in this approach,
but the code is only written once is the insertion speed is much higher this way.
Also like I said some Virtual Switches are already store this data in raw buffer 
(they update only specific fields) so this will also save time for the application when
creating a rule.

> So, I'd say no. It should be better motivated if we change existing
> approach (even advertised as experimental).

I think the reasons I gave are very good motivation to change the approach
please also consider that there is no implementation yet that supports the old approach.
while we do have code that uses the new approach.


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