[dpdk-users] Dpdk poor performance on virtual machine

Hu, Xuekun xuekun.hu at intel.com
Thu Dec 15 15:33:25 CET 2016

Are you sure the anonhugepages size was equal to the total VM's memory size? 
Sometimes, transparent huge page mechanism doesn't grantee the app is using
the real huge pages. 

-----Original Message-----
From: users [mailto:users-bounces at dpdk.org] On Behalf Of edgar helmut
Sent: Thursday, December 15, 2016 9:32 PM
To: Wiles, Keith
Cc: users at dpdk.org
Subject: Re: [dpdk-users] Dpdk poor performance on virtual machine

I have one single socket which is Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2640 v4 @ 2.40GHz.

I just made two more steps:
1. setting iommu=pt for better usage of the igb_uio
2. using taskset and isolcpu so now it looks like the relevant dpdk cores
use dedicated cores.

It improved the performance though I still see significant difference
between the vm and the host which I can't fully explain.

any further idea?


On Thu, Dec 15, 2016 at 2:54 PM, Wiles, Keith <keith.wiles at intel.com> wrote:

> > On Dec 15, 2016, at 1:20 AM, edgar helmut <helmut.edgar100 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
> >
> > Hi.
> > Some help is needed to understand performance issue on virtual machine.
> >
> > Running testpmd over the host functions well (testpmd forwards 10g
> between
> > two 82599 ports).
> > However same application running on a virtual machine over same host
> > results with huge degradation in performance.
> > The testpmd then is not even able to read 100mbps from nic without drops,
> > and from a profile i made it looks like a dpdk application runs more than
> > 10 times slower than over host…
> Not sure I understand the overall setup, but did you make sure the NIC/PCI
> bus is on the same socket as the VM. If you have multiple sockets on your
> platform. If you have to access the NIC across the QPI it could explain
> some of the performance drop. Not sure that much drop is this problem.
> >
> > Setup is ubuntu 16.04 for host and ubuntu 14.04 for guest.
> > Qemu is 2.3.0 (though I tried with a newer as well).
> > NICs are connected to guest using pci passthrough, and guest's cpu is set
> > as passthrough (same as host).
> > On guest start the host allocates transparent hugepages (AnonHugePages)
> so
> > i assume the guest memory is backed with real hugepages on the host.
> > I tried binding with igb_uio and with uio_pci_generic but both results
> with
> > same performance.
> >
> > Due to the performance difference i guess i miss something.
> >
> > Please advise what may i miss here?
> > Is this a native penalty of qemu??
> >
> > Thanks
> > Edgar
> Regards,
> Keith

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