[dpdk-dev] [RFC] - Offloading tunnel ports

Thomas Monjalon thomas at monjalon.net
Wed Jun 24 19:09:01 CEST 2020


Ping for review

09/06/2020 17:07, Oz Shlomo:
> Rte_flow API provides the building blocks for vendor agnostic flow
> classification offloads.  The rte_flow match and action primitives are fine
> grained, thus enabling DPDK applications the flexibility to offload network
> stacks and complex pipelines.
> 
> Applications wishing to offload complex data structures (e.g. tunnel virtual
> ports) are required to use the rte_flow primitives, such as group, meta, mark,
> tag and others to model their high level objects.
> 
> The hardware model design for high level software objects is not trivial.
> Furthermore, an optimal design is often vendor specific.
> 
> The goal of this RFC is to provide applications with the hardware offload
> model for common high level software objects which is optimal in regards
> to the underlying hardware.
> 
> Tunnel ports are the first of such objects.
> 
> Tunnel ports
> ------------
> Ingress processing of tunneled traffic requires the classification
> of the tunnel type followed by a decap action.
> 
> In software, once a packet is decapsulated the in_port field is changed
> to a virtual port representing the tunnel type. The outer header fields
> are stored as packet metadata members and may be matched by proceeding
> flows.
> 
> Openvswitch, for example, uses two flows:
> 1. classification flow - setting the virtual port representing the tunnel type
> For example: match on udp port 4789 actions=tnl_pop(vxlan_vport)
> 2. steering flow according to outer and inner header matches
> match on in_port=vxlan_vport and outer/inner header matches actions=forward to port X
> The benefits of multi-flow tables are described in [1].
> 
> Offloading tunnel ports
> -----------------------
> Tunnel ports introduce a new stateless field that can be matched on.
> Currently the rte_flow library provides an API to encap, decap and match
> on tunnel headers. However, there is no rte_flow primitive to set and
> match tunnel virtual ports.
> 
> There are several possible hardware models for offloading virtual tunnel port
> flows including, but not limited to, the following:
> 1. Setting the virtual port on a hw register using the rte_flow_action_mark/
> rte_flow_action_tag/rte_flow_set_meta objects.
> 2. Mapping a virtual port to an rte_flow group
> 3. Avoiding the need to match on transient objects by merging multi-table
> flows to a single rte_flow rule.
> 
> Every approach has its pros and cons.
> The preferred approach should take into account the entire system architecture
> and is very often vendor specific.
> 
> The proposed rte_flow_tunnel_port_set helper function (drafted below) is designed
> to provide a common, vendor agnostic, API for setting the virtual port value.
> The helper API enables PMD implementations to return vendor specific combination of
> rte_flow actions realizing the vendor's hardware model for setting a tunnel port.
> Applications may append the list of actions returned from the helper function when
> creating an rte_flow rule in hardware.
> 
> Similarly, the rte_flow_tunnel_port_match helper (drafted below) allows for
> multiple hardware implementations to return a list of fte_flow items.
> 
> Miss handling
> -------------
> Packets going through multiple rte_flow groups are exposed to hw misses due to
> partial packet processing. In such cases, the software should continue the
> packet's processing from the point where the hardware missed.
> 
> We propose a generic rte_flow_restore structure providing the state that was
> stored in hardware when the packet missed.
> 
> Currently, the structure will provide the tunnel state of the packet that
> missed, namely:
> 1. The group id that missed
> 2. The tunnel port that missed
> 3. Tunnel information that was stored in memory (due to decap action).
> In the future, we may add additional fields as more state may be stored in
> the device memory (e.g. ct_state).
> 
> Applications may query the state via a new rte_flow_get_restore_info(mbuf) API,
> thus allowing a vendor specific implementation.
> 
> API draft is provided below
> 
> ---
> diff --git a/lib/librte_ethdev/rte_flow.h b/lib/librte_ethdev/rte_flow.h
> index b0e4199192..49c871fc46 100644
> --- a/lib/librte_ethdev/rte_flow.h
> +++ b/lib/librte_ethdev/rte_flow.h
> @@ -3324,6 +3324,193 @@ int
>   rte_flow_get_aged_flows(uint16_t port_id, void **contexts,
>   			uint32_t nb_contexts, struct rte_flow_error *error);
> 
> +/* Tunnel information. */
> +__rte_experimental
> +struct rte_flow_ip_tunnel_key {
> +	rte_be64_t tun_id; /**< Tunnel identification. */
> +	union {
> +		struct {
> +			rte_be32_t src; /**< IPv4 source address. */
> +			rte_be32_t dst; /**< IPv4 destination address. */
> +		} ipv4;
> +		struct {
> +			uint8_t src[16]; /**< IPv6 source address. */
> +			uint8_t dst[16]; /**< IPv6 destination address. */
> +		} ipv6;
> +	} u;
> +	bool       is_ipv6; /**< True for valid IPv6 fields. Otherwise IPv4. */
> +	rte_be16_t tun_flags; /**< Tunnel flags. */
> +	uint8_t    tos; /**< TOS for IPv4, TC for IPv6. */
> +	uint8_t    ttl; /**< TTL for IPv4, HL for IPv6. */
> +	rte_be32_t label; /**< Flow Label for IPv6. */
> +	rte_be16_t tp_src; /**< Tunnel port source. */
> +	rte_be16_t tp_dst; /**< Tunnel port destination. */
> +};
> +
> +
> +/* Tunnel has a type and the key information. */
> +__rte_experimental
> +struct rte_flow_tunnel {
> +	/** Tunnel type, for example RTE_FLOW_ITEM_TYPE_VXLAN,
> +	  * RTE_FLOW_ITEM_TYPE_NVGRE etc. */
> +	enum rte_flow_item_type		type;
> +	struct rte_flow_ip_tunnel_key	tun_info; /**< Tunnel key info. */
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * Indicate that the packet has a tunnel.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_RESTORE_INFO_TUNNEL  (1ULL << 0)
> +
> +/**
> + * Indicate that the packet has a non decapsulated tunnel header.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_RESTORE_INFO_ENCAPSULATED  (1ULL << 1)
> +
> +/**
> + * Indicate that the packet has a group_id.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_RESTORE_INFO_GROUP_ID  (1ULL << 2)
> +
> +/**
> + * Restore information structure to communicate the current packet processing
> + * state when some of the processing pipeline is done in hardware and should
> + * continue in software.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +struct rte_flow_restore_info {
> +	/** Bitwise flags (RTE_FLOW_RESTORE_INFO_*) to indicate validation of
> +	  * other fields in struct rte_flow_restore_info.
> +	  */
> +	uint64_t flags;
> +	uint32_t group_id; /**< Group ID. */
> +	struct rte_flow_tunnel tunnel; /**< Tunnel information. */
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * Allocate an array of actions to be used in rte_flow_create, to implement
> + * tunnel-set for the given tunnel.
> + * Sample usage:
> + *   actions vxlan_decap / tunnel_set(tunnel properties) / jump group 0 / end
> + *
> + * @param port_id
> + *   Port identifier of Ethernet device.
> + * @param[in] tunnel
> + *   Tunnel properties.
> + * @param[out] actions
> + *   Array of actions to be allocated by the PMD. This array should be
> + *   concatenated with the actions array provided to rte_flow_create.
> + * @param[out] num_of_actions
> + *   Number of actions allocated.
> + * @param[out] error
> + *   Perform verbose error reporting if not NULL. PMDs initialize this
> + *   structure in case of error only.
> + *
> + * @return
> + *   0 on success, a negative errno value otherwise and rte_errno is set.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +int
> +rte_flow_tunnel_set(uint16_t port_id,
> +		    struct rte_flow_tunnel *tunnel,
> +		    struct rte_flow_action **actions,
> +		    uint32_t *num_of_actions,
> +		    struct rte_flow_error *error);
> +
> +/**
> + * Allocate an array of items to be used in rte_flow_create, to implement
> + * tunnel-match for the given tunnel.
> + * Sample usage:
> + *   pattern tunnel-match(tunnel properties) / outer-header-matches /
> + *           inner-header-matches / end
> + *
> + * @param port_id
> + *   Port identifier of Ethernet device.
> + * @param[in] tunnel
> + *   Tunnel properties.
> + * @param[out] items
> + *   Array of items to be allocated by the PMD. This array should be
> + *   concatenated with the items array provided to rte_flow_create.
> + * @param[out] num_of_items
> + *   Number of items allocated.
> + * @param[out] error
> + *   Perform verbose error reporting if not NULL. PMDs initialize this
> + *   structure in case of error only.
> + *
> + * @return
> + *   0 on success, a negative errno value otherwise and rte_errno is set.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +int
> +rte_flow_tunnel_match(uint16_t port_id,
> +		      struct rte_flow_tunnel *tunnel,
> +		      struct rte_flow_item **items,
> +		      uint32_t *num_of_items,
> +		      struct rte_flow_error *error);
> +
> +/**
> + * Populate the current packet processing state, if exists, for the given mbuf.
> + *
> + * @param port_id
> + *   Port identifier of Ethernet device.
> + * @param[in] m
> + *   Mbuf struct.
> + * @param[out] info
> + *   Restore information. Upon success contains the HW state.
> + * @param[out] error
> + *   Perform verbose error reporting if not NULL. PMDs initialize this
> + *   structure in case of error only.
> + *
> + * @return
> + *   0 on success, a negative errno value otherwise and rte_errno is set.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +int
> +rte_flow_get_restore_info(uint16_t port_id,
> +			  struct rte_mbuf *m,
> +			  struct rte_flow_restore_info *info,
> +			  struct rte_flow_error *error);
> +
> +/**
> + * Release the action array as allocated by rte_flow_tunnel_set.
> + *
> + * @param port_id
> + *   Port identifier of Ethernet device.
> + * @param[in] actions
> + *   Array of actions to be released.
> + * @param[out] error
> + *   Perform verbose error reporting if not NULL. PMDs initialize this
> + *   structure in case of error only.
> + *
> + * @return
> + *   0 on success, a negative errno value otherwise and rte_errno is set.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +int
> +rte_flow_action_release(uint16_t port_id,
> +			struct rte_flow_action *actions,
> +			struct rte_flow_error *error);
> +
> +/**
> + * Release the item array as allocated by rte_flow_tunnel_match.
> + *
> + * @param port_id
> + *   Port identifier of Ethernet device.
> + * @param[in] items
> + *   Array of items to be released.
> + * @param[out] error
> + *   Perform verbose error reporting if not NULL. PMDs initialize this
> + *   structure in case of error only.
> + *
> + * @return
> + *   0 on success, a negative errno value otherwise and rte_errno is set.
> + */
> +__rte_experimental
> +int
> +rte_flow_item_release(uint16_t port_id,
> +		      struct rte_flow_item *items,
> +		      struct rte_flow_error *error);
> +
>   #ifdef __cplusplus
>   }
>   #endif






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